What is Raksha Bandhan and why is it celebrated?

 
Raksha Bandhan in Nepal: The festival of Janai Purnima is also known as “Rishi Tarpani” and ‘Rakshya Bandhan’. It falls on the full moon day of Sharwan. This is the day when the male members of Brahman and Chhhetry family and those who put on a sacred thread called Janai, after the Upanayana ceremony, change their Janai for the year.

What do we do on Raksha Bandhan?

Early in the morning they take a bath in the nearest river, pond or stone-tap and receive a new Janai from their priest. They also tie a yellow thread called ‘yagyopabit’ on their right wrist which is given by the priest, sister’s son or son in law.

The priest, nephew or son in low, is given money in return. Together they eat delicious food. There is a practice of taking a special soup called ‘Kwati’ which is made from nine different varieties of seeds.

What happens in Raksha Bandhan?

How to Celebrates Raksha Bandhan in Nepal
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How to Celebrates Raksha Bandhan in Nepal

Many people go to take a bath in Gosainkunda at Rasuwa district and Manichud and Sindhupalchowk district. At Kumbheswor in Patan, a big fair (Mela) is held on this day. Janai Purnima is the festival of male members. Brahman and Chhetry change their Janai and other people take ‘Rakshya Bandhan’ from priests.

In Terai region and in India, this festival is a famous for Rakshya Bandhan, rather than Jannai Purnima. The sisters tie Rakshya Bandhan to their brother’s right hand and give them delicious food. In return, the brothers give them presents, money, etc. This festival is celebrated something like ‘Bhai Tika’ during Tihar.

Reason to Celebrate Raksha Bandhan in Nepal

In the Newar community, there is a practice of feeding the frogs on this day. So it is said that in ancient time a demon called ‘Ghantasur’ or ‘Ghantakarna’ planned to enter into Nepal valley and kill all the people. And the frogs made the people aware of the plan of Ghantakarna, the previous day of the full moon day of Sharwan.

The people followed the instructions given by the frogs and killed the demon. To express their sincere gratitude, the people gave by the frogs and killed the demon. To express their sincere gratitude, the people gave food to frogs on this day. Since then, frogs are given some food on the day of Janai Purnima.

In this way, the festival of Janai Purnima or Rakshya Bandhan is celebrated for various reasons by the people of our country (Nepal). There are different ways of celebrating it.

On the whole, it represents our culture, religion and social practices. Whatever way we may follow to celebrate it, it is our traditional festival and we should keep up such things to preserve our culture for future generations.

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